Затеять реконструкцию можно даже на самом благоустроенном участке — ведь предела совершенству нет. Но чтобы с максимальным успехом воплотить мечты в жизнь, нужен тщательно разработанный план.

Советует инженер садово‑паркового строительства Наталья Дударева.

Планировать грядущие переделки стоит именно сейчас, пока участок ещё укрыт снегом. Можно без спешки обдумать поставленные задачи, оценить их сложность и ресурсы, необходимые для их выполнения.

А начать, конечно, стоит с вопроса: что же вы мечтаете изменить?

Сделай сам. 5 идей деревянных садовых украшений

Добавляем элементы

Свободное местечко на участке всегда вызывает соблазн — ведь туда так и просится что-то новое: цветник или альпийская горка, площадка для шашлыка или удобная беседка, декоративный фонтанчик или детская площадка. Планируя новую изюминку для сада, прежде всего оцените размеры пятачка, который вы облюбовали: впишется туда ваша мечта или нет? Проще всего произвести точные измерения при помощи рулетки. Зимой не всегда есть возможность это сделать, а значит, вам может понадобиться план участка (хотя часто удаётся обойтись и без него). Далее постарайтесь проанализировать все исходные условия (обязательно учтите 7 главных факторов, перечисленных ниже!), оценить финансовые и трудовые затраты и взвесить все за и против своей идеи. Например, не станет ли новый цветник, который придётся полоть и поливать, соломинкой, которая «переломит спины» ухаживающих за участком хозяев?

Меняем полностью

Иногда планировка участка требует серьёзных корректив, затрагивающих существенную часть его площади. Это может быть постройка дома или бани, прокладка новых дорожек или существенное изменение конфигурации старых. Кто-то планирует разбить плодовый сад и огород на месте декоративных посадок (с пересадкой старых растений), а кто-то, наоборот, заменит их на цветники и газон.

В этом случае никак не обойтись без плана в масштабе. На него должны быть подробнейшим образом нанесены все существующие на момент начала работ (а не сто лет назад!) постройки, дорожки, площадки, деревья, кустарники, грядки, лестницы, люки, коммуникации, отметки рельефа и. т.п. Начертить его можно самим, на свой страх и риск, используя как основу кадастровый план и скрупулёзно обмерив рулеткой весь участок. Но если площадь участка велика, реконструкция предстоит серьёзная, и вам важно точно посчитать объёмы работ и количество материалов — имеет смысл поручить геодезистам составление профессионального ситуационного плана, который помимо прочего увяжет ваш участок с окружающей местностью. Затраты на этих специалистов, как правило, окупаются сторицей на этапе строительства.

Что касается самой реконструкции, то для проектирования каждого изменённого элемента ландшафта вам придётся учитывать всё те же 7 факторов. Кроме того, нужно удобно и красиво связать все элементы между собой, чтобы обновлённый участок радовал вас больше, чем старый. А иначе зачем что-то менять?

Источник

70 КОММЕНТАРИИ

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