Вредители садовых деревьев

Вредители садовых деревьев

Сегодня хотелось бы поговорить с Вами о вредителях. В прошлых статьях мы писали о том, как бороться с вредителями овощей и фруктов, сейчас хотелось бы направить Вас в нужное русло по поводу борьбы с вредителями сада. Это будет очень важный разговор, так что будьте внимательны…

Перед зимой остро возникает вопрос защиты плодовых деревьев от вредителей. Основной вред нашим деревьям приносят сосущие насекомые, грызущие, зайцы.

Как бороться с зайцами

  • Начните борьбу с проверки. Обсмотрите весь участок – нет ли дыр и больших щелей в ограде, через которые животные могут пробраться. Если такие нашлись – заделайте их;
  • Оберните стволы деревьев бордюрной лентой, пленкой из полиэтилена, стеблями камыша, ветками сосны (иголками вниз);
  • Утопчите снег около стволов;
  • Запах дегтя или карболки отпугивает вредителей.

Вредители садовых деревьев

Как бороться с сосущими насекомыми

Сосущие насекомые высасывают сок с растений. Соответственно, после их «работы» растения становятся вялыми и могут вообще погибнуть! Давайте разберемся какие из насекомых относятся к сосущим:

  • Тля – это насекомое, которое может быть зеленым или серым цветом. Несмотря на маленький раз мер (около 1,5 мм), они очень сильно могут навредить сливам, яблоням, грушам и рябине. Активно разносятся муравьями по всему участку;
  • Медяница – это маленькие насекомые с четырьмя крылышками. Они очень любят яблони и груши.

Грызущие насекомые

Соответственно, с названия понимаем, что грызущие насекомые – грызут. Причем всё: листву, кору деревьев, молодые побеги. Самые популярные грызущие – это гусеницы бабочек, майские жуки, стеклянницы и цветоеды.

Как бороться с насекомыми

Итак, мы узнали, что это такое и «чем его едят». Теперь самое главное – как с этим всем бороться и остаться в выигрыше? Во-первых, запомните, что редко вредители в саду появляются , который содержится в полном порядке и чистоте. Убирайте осенью листья, хорошо перекапывайте огород  и удобряйте почву.

  • Если на яблоне появляется моль, то нужно удалить с дерева гнезда из паутины с гусеницами;
  • Можно избавляться от вредителей вручную. Для этого, расстелите ткань около дерева и хорошенько потрусите его;
  • Если вредители летающие, то расставьте ловушки. Они светятся и приятно пахнут. Насекомые летят на свет и запах и попадают в западню.

Интересен биологический метод борьбы с вредителями. Суть метода состоит в том, что нужно привлечь естественных врагов вредителей, а сделать это можно такими способами:

  • Капните зимой насоленным салом на кору деревьев или наденьте небольшие кусочки на веточки. На ваши деревья сразу же слетятся синицы, которые уничтожают плодожорок. Зимуют плодожорки в коре деревьев;
  • Посадите около стволов далматскую ромашку, которую не переносят почти все вредители;
  • Муравьи – основные разносчики тли, поэтому черные муравейники нужно удалять с сада.

Вредители садовых деревьев

И последний – природный метод. Основа  этого метода – это народные отвары и настойки. Итак:

  • Отвар из полыни поможет побороть гусениц, тлю и моль. Для того, чтобы изготовить такой отвар, засушите пучки полыни в период её цветения и залейте водой. Кипятится всё в течение 15 минут. После – отсуживается, процеживается и разбавляется с 10 литрами обычной воды;
  • Настой чистотела утилизирует из сада тлю и гусениц. Для этого, возьмите около 200 г высушенного чистотела и разбавьте с 10 л воды. Настаиваться всё должно двое суток. Перед опрыскиванием раствор процеживаем, остужаем и добавляем около 40 г хозяйственного мыла.

Для эффекта от опрыскиваний их нужно совершать еженедельно.

Источник: floraprice.ru

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